If you’re a fan of East Asian comics, you’ve definitely been familiar with a large number of diverse phrases.
There are significant distinctions between each of these, but there’s no need to be alarmed because I’m here to break down the discrepancies between manga, manhwa, and manhua!
The origin of manga, manhwa, and manhua stories determines the primary distinction between these three types of accounts. Manga is an art form that originated in Japan; manhwa hails from South Korea, and manhua can be traced back to China, Taiwan, or Hong Kong.
- 1 What Are The Key Distinctions Between Manhua And Manhwa?
- 2 The Beginnings of Manga – History Explored!
- 3 Why Is Manga So Popular Now?
- 4 Manhwa (Webtoon): What Is It?
- 5 Manhua: What Is It?
- 6 Fan Base For East Asian Comics
- 7 Artwork And The Text Of The Manga, Manhua And Manhwa
- 8 Manga, Manhwa and Manhua: Difference Explored!
What Are The Key Distinctions Between Manhua And Manhwa?
The origin of manhua and manhwa in different parts of China is the primary distinction between the two types of manhua. Comic books referred to as manhua are those that are produced in China, whereas manhwa is those that are made in South Korea.
After that, there are no restrictions, which means that manhua and manhwa can have very similar appearances.
The popularity of Japanese manga, which provides artistic motivation for people all throughout Asia, has had a significant impact on both in the modern era and has been a major driving force behind these changes.
The more realistic drawing style of some Chinese manhua, which became synonymous with Chinese comics during their heyday in the late 20th century, can set specific works of Chinese manhua apart from other examples.
The typeface of certain manhua can also cause them to have very diverse layouts. Some manhua from Hong Kong and Taiwan are read in the horizontal left-to-right reading style of the West, whereas other manhua from Hong Kong and Taiwan are read in the vertical right-to-left reading style of Japan (vertically right-to-left)
As a result of the vast cultural distinctions between them, each of these comic genres has its own own appeal and approach to storytelling. If you are a significant lover of either manga, manhwa, or manhua, you should definitely check out the other counterparts as well!
The Beginnings of Manga – History Explored!
The Japanese comic book known as manga has a history that dates back to the 12th century. Scrolls from that time period served as the foundation for the current reading direction in Japan, which is from right to left.
Some authors contend that Japanese picture books from the 18th century were the first comic books ever printed anywhere in the world. [Citation needed] [Citation needed] [Citation needed] Comic comics published in the United States had a significant impact on the development of what would later be known as manga.
The occupation of Japan that followed World War II led to an increase in the influence of American culture in Japan. Animated films produced by Disney were a significant contributor to the evolution of the manga art style at this time.
The years following World War II saw the beginning of the development of manga in its modern form. Osamu Tezuka was the most influential person during that time period, and his work is still having an effect on artists to this day. His writings have also been turned into animated shows, the most well-known of which is Astro Boy.
His comic book panels were created in a lively manner, almost as if one were watching an animated show, and many following manga artists were influenced by this technique. Machiko Hasegawa, best known for her manga Sazae-san, was another influential person in the field.
She concentrated on the mundane activities of her characters, the majority of whom were women, which was innovative for the time. In 1969, a group of female artists got together and started drawing manga that was specifically geared toward younger girls and women.
This particular kind of manga is known as shoujo manga.
Why Is Manga So Popular Now?
The art style of manga is very similar to that of anime. Like in anime, the characters in manga have big eyes and big spikey hair because it helps to differentiate them.
In contrast to western comic books, which are typically published in full color, manga is only available in black and white. The fact that mangas are drawn by a single individual and released on a weekly basis is the primary explanation for this phenomenon.
Coloring them in would consume an unreasonable amount of time. The individual chapters of a manga are initially released in a variety of weekly publications before being compiled into volumes.
The universe of manga encompasses a vast number of subgenres, virtually all of which may be conceived of to some degree or another. Because of this, the majority of their target audience labels them as. In total, there are five major categories of people.
The shounen and shoujo genres are a good place to begin. Shounen manga is aimed at young men and features a lot of action and adventure, along with some comical and lighthearted moments.
Shoujo manga is a kind of manga that is written for female readers and typically focuses on romance and day-to-day living; nevertheless, it does not shy away from action and adventure either.
The manga genre known as Seinen is geared toward male readers and sometimes contains content that is graphic in nature, including sexual references.
Josei manga, which is aimed towards female readers, is distinguished from shoujo manga in that it tackles more serious topics. It frequently addresses interpersonal interactions, albeit from the perspective of an adult. In conclusion, kodomo is a form of manga intended for younger readers.
Manhwa (Webtoon): What Is It?
The word “manhwa” is used to refer to comics that originate from South Korea. Because of the popular website that shares the same name, many people also refer to them as webtoons.
Manhwas are illustrated in full color and are composed of panels that have the appearance of paintings.
Characters in manhwa tend to have a more realistic and lifelike appearance. The majority of these comics are presented in a scrolling format, which is more suited for mobile readers. Scrolling down is required in order to read a manhwa, much like it is required when reading a webpage.
Similar to manga, manhwas serve as the inspiration for a variety of anime and Korean drama programs.
Manhua: What Is It?
Comics created in China, Taiwan, or Hong Kong are referred to as manhua, which is a Chinese word. Manhuas are presented in a fashion similar to a single issue comic book and feature fully colored panels. In a manner analogous to that of the South Korean manhwa, these comics feature drawn characters that are realistic and resemble real people.
Manhua is also known for its specialized subgenres, such as Wuxia (which translates to “martial arts stories”) and Xianxia (fantasy and magic stories). Manhwa is the only type of comic that has yet to fully capitalize on its extensive cultural heritage and embraced it as part of its identity.
Both manga and manhwa originate in China, and the word “manhua,” the Chinese word for “story,” is derived from the same root word as manga and manhwa.
Fan Base For East Asian Comics
The material of East Asian comics is often tailored to appeal to specific age groups and genders, depending on the readership they hope to attract. My Hero Academia and Naruto are just two examples of the kinds of high-action and exciting tales that can be found in Japanese boys’ shonen manga.
The majority of girls’ shoujo manga consists of stories about magical girls, such as Cardcaptor Sakura, and intricate love stories, such as Fruits Basket.
There is also a subgenre of manga known as seinen and josei that is aimed at an adult audience and contains material that is more mature. In a same vein, both manhwa and manhua publish comics that cater to a certain audience.
In Japan, individual chapters of manga are serialized in periodicals such as Shonen Jump that are either published weekly or biweekly. If a manga ends up being successful, it will eventually be compiled into tankbon volumes for publication.
In the case of digital manhwa and manhua, new chapters are generally made available on webtoon platforms once every week.
Artwork And The Text Of The Manga, Manhua And Manhwa
Manga is typically produced in black and white in both print and digital formats, with the exception of limited-edition collections that may be printed in full color or include color pages.
Print manhwa is generally published in black and white, comparable to manga; however, digital manhwa is released with color illustrations. In the same vein as traditional manhwa, digital manhua can also be found in full color.
Tezuka Osamu was greatly influenced by the artwork of Walt Disney, and he drew his characters with large eyes, small mouths, and exaggerated facial expressions to highlight particular feelings.
The artwork of other artists, both in Japan and overseas, was affected by Tezuka’s distinctive style. On the other hand, characters in manhwa and manhua are typically drawn with a focus on more realistic human dimensions and features.
Both manga and manhwa feature background settings that are realistic and detailed, almost to the point of being photo-realistic. This is in contrast to digital manhwa, which features backgrounds that are less complex; however, it should be noted that print manhwa is more comparable to manga in this regard.
Mangas – Recommendations
- Death Note
- Dragon Ball
- Tokyo Ghoul
- My Hero Academia
- One Punch-Man
- Attack on Titan
- Fullmetal Alchemist
- One Piece
- Rurouni Kenshin
Manhuas – Recommendations
- Feng Shen Ji
- Doulou Dalu (Soul Land)
- The Ravages Of Time
- Song Of The Long March
- Tales of Demons and Gods
- Here U Are
- SQ: Begin W/Your Name!
- Release That Witch
- Martial Universe
- Battle Through the Heavens
- Spirit Blade Mountain
Manga, Manhwa and Manhua: Difference Explored!
|Type||Origin||Color||How to read||Format|
|Manga||Japan||Mostly black and white||Right-to-left||Multi-panel|
|Manhwa||South Korea||Full-color panels that look like paintings||Top to bottom||Scroller|
|Manhua||China||Full-color panels that look like paintings||Right-to-left||Single issue format|
|Western Comics||U.S.A||Full color||Left-to-right||Multi-pa|